As we promised, today we bring a guide with the necessary information for the creation of texts, which will be very useful for the whole semester. Each week we will talk about a different written genre, so be aware of the tips that we will give you through the blog.
This time we will talk about the Review and give you a detailed description on how to make one.
The review, in an extension of two to three pages, contains the summary and the valuation commentary made on a book, an article or other published text. The judgment that is issued on the object to be reviewed can be negative or positive, this will depend on the criterion of the reviewer.
The reviewer must express his opinion regarding what he read or saw; In other words, a value judgment is issued. In some cases, such a work also attempts to command the reader to do something.
Basic structures for gender construction
For Cuba de Severing a review includes four categories: bibliographical references, comment, evaluation and identification of the reviewer (171).
Below are the elements that make up the structure of the review:
1. References: includes the location of the author and his work in time and space (Palmer Bermudez, 9). It consists of two subcategories: the title and the presentation. The title includes the name of the author, title of the work, place of publication, publisher, date of publication and number of pages. The presentation, generally located in the first paragraph, contains the original language of the work, the language to which it is translated as long as relevant, the discipline to which it alludes, and the translator’s name. Very rarely is the presentation placed as a footer (Cuba de Severing, 172). Here is an example:
Eduard Will. The Greek world and the East.Tomo I. The fifth century (510-403). Madrid. Akal. 1977. 644 pp.
The present volume is the French translation (excellent work of Francisco Javier Hernandez Nieto) of the second volume of a great Universal History whose first volume, “The First Civilizations” was directed by Pierre Leveque […] is a study of the century V […]
If it is a review of a medium that does not belong to the written genre, as is the case of films, works or presentations, then data such as the title, director and other elements that identify the object of which is spoken are presented.
2. Comment: This section is often also called “summary”. This indicates that in this part a description (summary and synthesis) of the element to be described is made, it speaks of the author, the work and its techniques. Cuba de Severing points out that this section is divided into two mandatory sub-categories (content and sources) and four optional ones: author’s background, purpose, work organization and method of work (172). The order in which these concepts are presented is referred to the taste of the reviewer. However, a suggestion is given below.
– Background of the author: is written in a paragraph, the information that has on the creator of the object to be reviewed. This includes the subjects in which he specializes, the languages in which he carries out his work, other works he has done, and if he is a member of an association.
– Sources used: data are recorded on the resources on which the author was based to carry out his work.
– Method of work: refers to the strategies and techniques used by the author in their texts or other types of presentations, but specifically mention those that allude to the object to be reviewed. For example, one can mention the investigations that were carried out, or the steps that were followed to compile the ideas that would give life to the work.
– Purpose: the objectives and purposes of the author are specified when writing his text or when presenting his work. Cuba de Severing suggests that for the writing of this section, nouns such as “aim, purpose, purpose” should be used, as well as verbs such as “aim, pretend, seek, and others” (173).
– Organization of the work: includes the information that describes the way in which the work is ordered. In the case of books, mention is made of the number of chapters that compose it, together with the prologue, conclusions, appendices, indexes, maps, photographs, etc. (Cuba de Severing, 173).
– Contents: comments on the topics discussed in the work. It is done in a descriptive, brief and clear way.
3. Evaluation: it is considered one of the most important parts of the review, since it is the value judgment made on the work, thus highlighting its successes and limitations. Generally, it consists of two types of criticism: a negative and a positive. In negative criticism, the weak aspects of work are recorded; These tend to be written in an attenuated way and avoiding the use of strong words, ironies and contempt about the content.